Category Archives: 2001

Nummer 1


A.K.L. THIJS

De Antwerpse Ommegang in 1599

Summary : The Antwerp “Ommegang” in 1599
On the basis of the acquittances of the Antwerp audit office, the author tries to reconstruct part of the Whitsun Ommegang (a historic and aristocratic pageant) of June 6th 1599.
An earlier hypothesis put forward by C. Leo Truyens (1884-1970) who thought that the Archdukes’ lacework was no Brussels product but an Antwerp one, is examined on the basis of the scarce archivalia.
In addition to this, the author shows interest in the Our Lady Ommegang of 22nd August 1599, that bore a resemblance to the Whitsun Ommegang, as for the composition that is.
The religious and secular elements in either “ommegang” are dealt with in this analysis. The amounts paid out to the participants tell us something more about the sociological aspect of the events.

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J. THEUWISSEN

Een Hollandse dame, begijntje in Turnhout – Het angelusluiden

Summary : A Dutch lady, beguine in the town of Turnhout (province of Antwerp, Belgium)
The last beguine in the Turnhout beguinage range the angelus bell in a wrong way. The angelus is a devotional exercise said by Roman Catholics at morning, noon and sunset, at the call of the angelus-bell. The author
examines this kind of bell-ringing in the border region, i.c. in the nothern part of the Belgian provinces of Antwerp and Limburg, in the southern part of the Dutch province of North Brabant, and in the norhwest of the Belgian
province of East Flanders. He sent a questionnaire to the administration of the towns and villages situated in this research area and so learnt to know where angelus-ringing is still practised. He particularly studied the way the bell is rung and noticed that only in Turnhout the angelus is rung in a different way. In some 80% of the towns and villages sent a questionnaire to, the angelus bell is still rung despite of the fact that the devotional exercise
related to it that almost completely disappeared.

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V. HAMERS

Een teken van vroomheid – Veld- en wegkapellen in het Zuid-Limburgse (NL) landschap

Summary : Tokens of Devoutness. Field and roadside chapels in the southern Limburg. Scenery of the Netherlands
This contribution originates from a Master’s thesis submitted to the Department of History of Art of Nijmegen Catholic University. The author concentrates on several aspects of the field and roadside chapel, such as its function, setting, motivation for building, architectural design and interior decoration. On the basis of these elements a typology of the chapel is drawn up. Also the saints invoked in these southern Limburg chapels are passed in review. The author of this article also compiled a field chapel guide entitled “‘T Kapelke… langs velden en wegen in Zuid-Limburg”, Eindhoven, 1999. (Chapels along fields and roads in Southern Limburg). The publishing of this guide is an initiative of “Stichting Cultura” (Cultura Foundation), an association aiming at giving special attention to the Dutch cultural heritage.

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W.L. BRAEKMAN

Spotedict van de Brusselse vaartkapoenen en wens van de lichtekooien (1787)
Summary : Satirical edicts by the Brussels dockers of the canal and wish of Prostitutes
In times of political or social unrest, official promulgations such as decrees, edicts, ordinances, characterized by stereotyped laguage and rigid formalities were often imitated and ridiculed for political purposes or (and) for fun. The outward features of the official documents with all their trimmings are treserved and clash with the trifling content. Such ephemeral and strongly topical texts have very rarely come down to us. Two late 18th-century  examples of lampoons from Brussels, the one by the dockers of the canal, the other by the town women of easy virtue, are discussed and documented here.

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Category: 2001

Nummer 2

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E. ROOBAERT

Brusselse bedevaarders en hun bedevaarten in de 16e eeuw

Summary : Brussels pilgrims and their pilgrimages in the sixteenth century.
Starting from a thorough examination of the archives (National Public Record Office in Brussels, Church archives of the province of Brabant, Archives of the chapter church of St. Michael and St. Gudula, Archives of the Public Centre for Social Welfare) the author brings into focus the voluntary pilgrimages undertaken by the inhabitants of Brussels in the 16th century. This article is a mine of new data and so fills an existing gap.
Data on Brussels pilgrims and their journeys are rare in the 16th  century, for during a fire in 1695 important parts of the municipal archives were destroyed. The author puts together a survey of pilgrimages either carried out or postponed, as well as of posthumous pilgrimages, undertaken by clergymen and laymen. This article also contains a list of the places of pilgrimage.

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W.L. BRAEKMAN

Fragment van een zestiende-eeuws, handgeschreven kookboek
Summary : Fragment of a sixteenth-century, handwritten cookery book.
Cookery books from the sixteenth century in Dutch, whether printed or in manuscripts, are very rare. A partly preserved one from the Town Archives in Brussels (Liasse 830) consisting of 29 recipes, not known from elsewhere, is here edited for the first time. A description of the ms. and its historical setting are added.

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Category: 2001

Nummer 3


B. BOUCIQUE

De drakendoder en zijn trouwe dieren (AT 300) in de Vlaamse en internationale sprookjestraditie

Summary : The dragon killer and his faithful animals (AT 300) in The Flemish and international tradition of fairy tales.
This article is the summury of some research on the 16 Flemish variants of the fairy tale type ‘The dragonslayer” (AT 300). Conclusions about the sources, the motives, the structure, the dramatis personae, the cultural background, the style, the interpretations and an international comparison are given.
One variant (“17”) out of the Flemish index of De Meyer (1968) is exposed as an example of the fairy tale type AT 315 (“the unfaithful sister”). It is not a combination of AT 300 and 315 (a frequent combination in the international
material, according to Ranke (1955). Using Propp’s morphology of the Folktale a threefold structure was discovered.
In the basic version the hero saves the princess from the dragon (devil, giant) with te help of his animals and marries her when he comes back. In the second version an impostor is going to marry the princess during the hero’s absence, but he is exposed by the latter at the very last moment and gets punished. In the third version the hero instructs his animals to rob food from the feast dish preceding the (unrighteous) marriage in order to get summoned by the king and confront the deceiver. The “robbers’ den episode” (a preliminary adventure) was encountered only once in the Flemish material. The international comparison has shown that it is a much more frequent episode in other countries and as such a real part of AT 300. The motives of this episode should be added to this fairy tale type in the Flemish motive index of De Meyer and in the international one of Thompson (1964²). “The dragon-slayer” is one of the oldest and most variably fairy tale types known. Under Christian influence the dragon was replaced by the devil in  some variants.  Possible interpretations of the dragon, the dragon-slayer,…are wide and are well discussed in the literature consulted on this subject.

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J. VAN NEER

Adso’s Verhandeling over de Antichrist

Summary: Adso’s treatise on the Antichrist
In the 10th century the leamed monk Adso from Montier-en-Der sent on the origin and the time of apparition of the  Antichrist to the Frankish Queen Gerberga. This treatise consists of a prologue, the proper treatise and an ultrashort epiloque. In this letter Adso gathered and sorted out the many sources from East and West on the eschatological antagonist in general, and the Antichrist in particular. Oreover it is of the utmost importance that he succeeded in presenting all this information in a really surveyable way, i.e. in the popular way of a “vita”, a life of a saint, although in this case the main character was an anti-saint. This work of Adso’s, which rightly can be called a key text, would become in its turn the source of a comprehensive medieval Antichrist traditions, with as a result that many more or less radically changed editions of this treatise appeared. In this article the monk Adso  is focused upon, the time he lived in (trandition to the 1the millennuim), his relationship with the Frankish royal family, and on the Antichrist himself.
Besides, this article gives a concise commentary on the Treatise on the Antichrist and – for the first time – a complete translation into Dutch.

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Category: 2001

Nummer 4


H. BOONE

De Polka

Summary : The Polka
In this contribution Hubert Boone especially emphasizes the cultural- historical and the musical-technical aspects of the polka, a dance enthusiastically welcomed in Western Europe in the middle of the 19the century. The author discusses the origin of the polka and holds Rudolf Voss’s view in that the polka was not a new dance at all, but was linked with types of dance known in Germany years before. Hubert Boone also pays attention to the spread of the dance and the polka rage. Moreover, he has an eye for variants and adds colour to this article by means of musical notations. He obviously deals with the characteristics of Flemish polkas. This article also contains a comprehensive bibliography on the polka.

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H. GEYBELS

Acculturatie tussen continuïteit en discontinuïteit in de rituele praxis van het vroege Westerse Christendom

Summary : Acculturation between continuance and discontinuance in the ritual practice of early Western Christianity
H. Geybels asks himself questions about the acculturation process that took place in the early Middle-Ages. At first he took it for granted that the Christian saints had taken over all the tasks and symbols from the gods and goddesses of the Germanic and Celtic nature religions. With the case of Saint Gertrude as basis, he examines the prevailing views in the relevant literature. These can be subdivided into two groups : the one that adheres to the continuance (Mathieis, Valgaerts,  Schuyf, Mole Carpenter, etc.) and a much smaller group that favours the discontinuance (Delehay and Hartinger). Convincingly, Geybels joins with the latter group and criticizes the (pseudo)-scientific studies that assume a kind of continuance too easily.
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K. VAN EFFELTERRE

Alternatieve geneeswijzen in opmars

Summary : Alternative therapy is on the up and up !
Recent reports showed that alternative medicine has been attracting considerable Attention from consumers and medical professionals in the last few decades.
In the past this international and even intercontinental phenomenon has already been the subject of numerous sociological and medical studies. The appeal of alternative medicine appears to be manifold, especially in a time when the omnipotence of conventional medicine is being questioned and the side-effects of some types of chemical medication have come to light. Since the demand of alternative medicine is expected to keep growing, the Belgian government decided to recognise four types of complementary medicine, namely homeopathy, chiropractic, acupuncture and osteopathy. The unanimous approval of this bill, together with the initiative of Belgian health insurance companies to partially cover the cost of recognised remedies met with a lot of negative criticism from doctors and pharmaceutical industrials. While the medical world reacts with great scepticism, physicians of complementary medicine are determined to win patients’ trust and to prove the effectiveness of their  therapies.

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Category: 2001