Category Archives: 2002

Nummer 1


Jeruzalemvaarders, rederijkers en schilders en de Palmzondagsprocessie te Brussel in de 16e eeuw

Summary : Jerusalem Knights, rhetoricians, painters and Palm Sunday Procession In Brussels in the 16th century
On the basis of unknown data the author draws a picture of the Brussels Palm Sunday procession in the 16th century. Ghysbrecht Mercx, one of the well-known rhetoricians of Brussels and chairman-playwright of the Chamber of Rhetoric ‘Den Boeck’ was commissioned by the Church Council of Saint Goedele’s to stage-manage the procession for years.
Apparently, Palm Sunday procession is the ideal research item to enter the world of church wardens, secular clergy, rhetoricians and painters around Saint Goedele’s collegiate church.
The author has an eye for the Brussels Jerusalem Knights who were closely related to the procession mentioned.  In addition he gives a sketch of the historical context, the stage-management, the stage-properties and the figuration of the procession. At the end of this article, the author emphasises that the continuous intervention by the chairman-playwright of the Chamber of Rhetoric ‘Den Boeck’ had been rather uncommon.
Moreover, Palm Sunday procession must have been a unique experience for the Brussels people by the staging of short plays, the attendance of exceptionaly dressed up apostles and children, the Jerusalem Knights,



Category: 2002

Nummer 2


Vrouwen in de volkskunde ten tijde van het Interbellum: de factor gender in de wetenschapsbeoefening

Summary: Women folklorists in the interbellum period : the factor “gender” in practising science
Men completely set the sence in recent surveys of the history of folklore in The Netherlands and in Flanders. Is this conclusion in line with reality, or is it a matter of “genderbias”, in which the work of female folklorists is systematically underestimated? By studying the contributions of five female Dutch folklorists in the interbellum period, the author investigates to what extent the factor “gender” influenced their choice of subject matter, their philosophy of science, and their careers. He concludes that masculinity and feminality played a crucial role in the  approaching and the appreciating of their contributions to folklore.



Jan-Baptist Halbos en zijn bundel “Duytsche Liedekens” (1663)

Summary: Jan-Baptist Halbos and his music book Vermaeckelycke Duytsche Liedekens
The music book Vermaeckelycke Duytsche Liedekens (Antwerp, heirs Phalesius, 1663), of which only the base part is conserved, is an anthology of Flemish/ Dutch songs. The collector was Jan-Baptist Halbos, an Antwerp tradesman and music lover, who sung in the citadel church. He dedicated his book to Adriaen van Alphen, an canon of Saint-Peters church in Turnhout. In 1663 Maria Phalesia also printed a second edition of a music book by Maurizio Cazzati and dedicated it to Halbos, who probably supported her financially. The twelve settings for three and four voices are by three Antwerp composers: Philips Van Steenlant, Jacobus Le Febvre, Henricus Liberti, and an anonymous one. The subjects of the vernacular texts are connected with a theatre play, witch the raise of the Valenciennes siege, Saint-Cecily’s feast, Shrove Tuesdag, a wedding, a farewell, drunks and the treetcries of Antwerp. A tirtheenth song, i.e. a four part motet about the Latin declinations, by the Italian Tarquinio  Merula is a supplement to the collection.



Mysterieus 17de-eeuws Engels transformatiespel

Summary : Mysterious 17th-century English transformation game
A rare, colourful 17th century MS. Of uncertain use in the Fuller collection of the BL, is here drawn attention to for  the first time. It is a document probably unique of its kind, presumably some sort of educational game. It consists  of a single vellum leaf, vertically divided into eight strips. Each of these has a top and a bottom part folded respectively up or down. When opened or shut, each part reveals an ever changing drawing which is accompanied  by a set of English verse.
The produce for revealing each of the combined figures is described here in detail, in the hope that someone else can shed light on the nature of this puzzling game and its exact purpose.



Category: 2002

Nummer 3


Zakelijke inhoud van het persoonlijke dossier van Max Elskamp betreffende het Antwerpse “Museum voor Foklore”, het allereerste volkskundemuseum in Vlaanderen (1907)

Summary : Looking into Max Elskamp’s private letters and documents concerning the Antwerp “Museum voor  Folklore”, the very first museum of foklore in Flanders (1907)
In 2001 the “Vrienden van het Volkskundemuseum van Antwerpen” (Friends of the Museum of Folklore of Antwerp) acquired, on the advice of the late Mrs. Patricia Vansummeren, letters and documents once belonging to the French speaking poet and folklorist Max Elskamp.
The collection deals, amongst others, with the establishment of the very first Flemish Museum of Folklore in Antwerp, inaugurated in 1907. In this collection we find a quite elaborate note by Victor de Meyere in which he puts forward his perception on the planned Museum of Folklore. The museum should in no case be a local Antwerp museum for the benefit of the conceited Antwerp citizens, nicknamed “sinjoren” (“sinjoren” are citizens with excessive pride in themselves), but a scientifically justified and culturally inspiring museum for the whole of Flanders. Among the administrative records there is a letter, dated 31 October 1904, in which the municipality engages itself to make sure that the collection, as well as all later acquisitions, should remain an indivisible whole, and that no single object should be removed to house it in any other premises not beloning to the museum. Maybe Patricia, by advising to acquire these documents, had the intention  to give a final sign and let know to all people concerned how she kept dreaming of the future of that museum of “hers”.



Spreekwoorden op een onbekend Hainhofer Speelbord uit de 17e eeuw
Summary : Proverbs on a hitherto unknown 17th century Hainhofer chessboard
In this article the author deals with the outcome of an investigation into the meaning of the pictures on the white squares  of an hitherto unknown chessboard. This chessboard is assumed having been a part of a piece of art furniture, manufactured in Augsburg around 1620-1630 and traded by Philip Hainhofer. The pictures represent German proverbs and sayings, most of them having similar equivalents, which in the Dutch speaking regions can be dated in the 16th and in the beginning of the 17th century.



Fragment van een nieuw volksgeneeskundig manuscript (15de E.)

Summary : Fragment of a new manuscript of popular medicine (15th C.)
A hitherto unknown MS. in Middle Dutch from the Brussels Town Archives is here drawn attention to, described, analysed and partly edited. This MS. on vellum has come down to us in a deplorable state of preservation. It still numbers twenty leaves, only a small part of its original size. In its contents two parts can be distinguished:
a) ointments, plasters and other recipes (fol. 1-13v) : this part is here edited; b) a treatise on phlebotomy (fol. 14r-20v), not edited here since known from many other sources.



Category: 2002

Nummer 4


Weeral Bokrijk!’ Het ‘Folkloristische’ beeld van Vlaanderen in historische TV-fictie
Summary : “Bokrijk again!” The ‘folkloristic’ image of Flanders in historical television fiction.
Historical serials were the most important fiction genre in Flemish television in the tume when the public broadcasting system had exclusive rights. For the most part these serials showed a rather folkloristic picture of Flanders in the beginning of the 20the century. In serals such as ‘Wij, Heren van Zichem’ (We, Lords of Zichem), the daily life of ‘common’ Flemish countryfolk was emphasized.
To some extent criticism on the miserable days bygone was passed, but generally speaking, the trend set in the serial was strongly nostalgic what contribyted to the roaring success with the viewers. In spite of the enormous success with the public, the press, especially the popular press, was critical of the serial. As to the form, neither the  screenplay, the dialogues nor the production found favour; as to the content the image of Flanders was considered outmoded. Up to a point this criticism is correct and, on the other hand, it agrees with the wide dislike  of the ‘popular culture’ by the intellectual middle class. Gut some articles about the historical serials had a positive character: the depiction of Flanders was ‘typical Flemish’, ‘realistic’ and ‘familiar’. One can find fault with these wordings, but they point out how important the function of television is in Flanders. The historical fiction serials draw a picture of Flanders, but it must be set in the context of the increasing Flemish emancipation and the formation of a Flemisch identity.



Mn zkt vr/vr zkt mn – Een analysemodel voor contactadvertenties

Summary :  A model of analysis for personal advertisements
Half a million of Flemings should be looking for a partner. Not wanting to write an elaborate study on the way in which young people used to contact each other, we will examine in a short historical survey between which lines in earlier times the search for a partner took place, so that we can look in a wider context at the present dating scene and especially at the formal contactmen. When the go-between function, which used to be practised by more or less formal authorities (church, family, acquaintances, friends…), fell out because people began to opt for  a self-confident partner choice (cf. individualisation of night life), the formal mediation by intermediaries in the partner choice is nowadays for a lot of people once again an attractive alternative, even if it is organized by professional and commercial intermediaries or via the media.
Professional-commercial intermediaries such as marriage bureaus and dating services, semi-professional clubs for single and divorced people, i.e.  dance companies, touring parties, dating nights…, all are activities in which a contact offering framework is present. Also personal advertisements in newspapers and specialized magazines, chat-rooms and dating sites on the Internet will be discussed. Particularly the contents of such personal advertisements are considered at length in the light of the tension between the private and the public domain, between wat people of themselves, whether or not, like to divulge.



Resultaten van empirisch volksgeneeskundig onderzoek in Vlaanderen anno 1979-2000: reuma, migraine en wratten.

Summary : Folkmedicine in Flanders from 1979 to 2000: Results of an empirical study.
The increasing interest in folk medicine is a frequently discussed topic nowadays. To concretise this rather abstract phenomenon five elaborate empirical studies have been organised all over Flanders. As part of their thesis five students from the K.U.Leuven interviewed 310 rheumatics, 130 migraine patients and 220 people suffering from warts, about their experiences with folk medicine. All over Dutch-speaking Belgium people appeared to experiment with all sorts of personal remedies, sometimes of quite bizarre or even lugubrious nature. Furthermore a substantial amount of people fell under the spell of the exotic east, from where a lot of alternative therapies originate. Homeopathy, herbalism, shiatsu, exorcising,…. These are all just a few examples of the multi-coloured spectrum of therapies the alternative circuit has to offer. Those who believe pilgrimages belong to the past are forced to change their view as well: especially among the elderly there are still a number of people who are convinced that bathing in holy water will cure them from rheumatism. However, the attraction of folk medicine does not imply that regulat medicine has become a matter of minor concern. On the contrary, the majority of people are convinced that regular doctors are the most obvious persons to solve serious medical problems.
Even though rheumatics and migraine patients are not reluctant to explore the possibilities of folk medicine, they conscientiously keep consulting the representatives of regular medicine. In the case of warts matters are slightly different, which is not surprising considering the harmless nature of the ailment. Regular doctors are hardly consulted by people with warts, who are usually satisfied with a personal remedy or with the help of a pharmacist.
Kronieken, Boekbesprekingen.



Category: 2002