Category Archives: 2000

Nummer 1


J. GANSEMANS,

Frans Olbrechts – Een hart en een visie voor Tervuren

Summary : Frans Olbrechts. A renewing role in the Tervuren museum
From 1947 until his death in 1958 Olbrechts also held the directorship of the Museum van Belgisch Congo (Belgian Congo Museum) in Tervuren. Dr. Gansemans dwells upon his inspiring and renewing role in the Tervuren museum.

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J. VAN HAVER,

De opgang van de jonge Olbrechts – Het driedubbele spoor

Summary : A rising young Olbrechts
This article deals with the surprising scientific career of Frans M. Olbrechts. It also contains some summary biographical data.
Frans M. Olbrechts fled to England in 1914, enlisted as a voluntary soldier, wrote a remarkable dissertation on folklore which resulted in a scholarship in America where he lived amongst some Indian tribes, and published a Cherokee medical manuscript.
He became a respected American scholar and a visiting lecturer at Columbia University. Back in his native country, he devoted himself to the “Volkskunde – Atlas” (Folklore Atlas) for Flanders and The Netherlands, and was highly interested in promoting culture by means of publications and lectures. At the State University of
Ghent (Flanders) he held the first chair of Ethnology.

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J. VAN HAVER,

30 jaar F.M. Olbrechtsstichting ter bevordering van het volkskundig onderzoek vzw Overzicht van 30 jaar activiteit

Summary : The F.M. Olbrechtsstichting, 30 years of folklore research
The F.M. Olbrechtsstichting, founded to honour the memory of professor Olbrechts, aims at stimulating new folklore research by commissioning specific study matter to promising scientits. The here published survey of a 30 years’ activity may undoubtedly be valued in a positive way.

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W.L. BRAEKMAN

Een collectie veterinaire recepten uit Meerbeke (16de E.)

Summary : A collection veterinary prescriptions from Meerbeke (16th century)
Based on a sixteenth century manuscript in the Royal Library in The Hague, entitled “Het Gulden Recept Bouck” (The Golden Prescription Book) from Meerbeke (a village near Ninove), a survey is given of 103 veterinary prescriptions.
These recipes in the vernacular aim at relieving troubles and discomforts in horses. Veterinary texts from the Middle Ages and the 16th century are rare, moreover the manuscript they are taken from was unknown until a few years ago. In the introduction the possible author, or scribe of the manuscript and various other aspects are discussed at length. The article also contains a glossary.

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Category: 2000

Nummer 2


A.K.L. THIJS
Private en openbare feesten: communicatie, educatie en omgaan met macht (Vlaanderen en Brabant, 16de, midden 19de eeuw)

Summary : private and public festivities. Communication, education and coping with power (Flanders and Brabant, 16th till mid 19th cent)
Festivities perform within an extensive communication process. Individuals and groups are given the possibility to pass on all sorts of information. They specify opinions, feelings, and standards. A functional analysis of festivities consequently leads to an understanding of the developmental vitality of society.
In this article we focus on the essential functions which festivities fulfilled for the organizers, the participants, the general public, and society in pre-industrial times.
We successively consider : 1) family festivities, 2) group festivities not based on a family relationship, 3) festive events organized by the clerical and secular authorities. For each category we will take a close look at the organizers, the participants, and the repertory of proceedings. Special attention is devoted to the divergent meanings given to these festivities by the persons concerned.

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CARLA WIJERS

Afbakening en eenheid onder de Limburgse narrenkap. Over de functie en beleving van het Limburgse carnaval in de naoorlogse samenleving

Summary : Carnival in Dutch Limburg. This article deals with the function and significance of  Post-war carnival in Dutch Limburg
After a short historical survey of studies of  Carnival, the function and meaning of the festivities is given full consideration to, from two different perspectives i.e. carnival as a marker of a regional identity and the
significance of carnival for the participants. The post-war development of carnival as festivities exclusively celebrated in the southern, Roman-Catholic provinces Limburg and North Brabant to a feast celebrated in the whole Kingdom of the Netherlands from the 1960s onwards, has marked the image of carnival in Limburg. Until the rise of the so-called ‘Holland’ version of festivities celebrated in Limburg carnival has been frequently interpreted as typical Limburg festivities since the sixties.

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Category: 2000

Nummer 3


D. CALLEWAERT

Overlijden en afscheid in het Brugse 1900-2000

Summary : In ‘Dying and Commemoratings in the Environs of Bruges 1900-2000‘ special attention is paid to one suburb because in Sint-Kruis several classed ended up on the same place, though in a different way. The local population has been buried on its churchyard(s) but the upper class of the city also used to have their (monumental) family-vaults over there. This survey deals with one’s ultimate moments and with a wider
range of related aspects as well (omens, taboos and symbolism, patron saints and prayers, transport and disposal, funeral rites, commemoration, etc.) and is based on printed papers, manuscripts, pictures, tapes and
interviews. In the last century there were a lot of noteworthy changes,esp. since the fifties (the welfare state) and the sixties (the Vatican Council) and the situation keeps changing.

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E. ROOBAERT

Michiel van Coxcie, de schildersfamilie van Conincxloo alias Schernier, en andere Brusselse schilders als ontwerpers en verlichters van 16e eeuwse processievaantjes voor de broederschappen van de stad

Summary : Starting from a thorough examination of the archives, the author searches for data on 16the century procession flags. In the old archives of the chapter church of St Michael and St Gudula, and  in the accounts of the Brussels church councils, repeated references are made to such flags. The manufacturing of these flags may have been a separate profession. The van Conincxloo family of painters specialized in it, as far as Brussels is concerned.
Roobaert gives an accurate survey of the flags they ordered (Brotherhood of Our Lady, Brotherhood of the Holy Sacrament, Brotherhood of the Holy Trinity). The author also pays attention the materials used, the subjects depicted, and the manufacturing of the flags themselves.

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Category: 2000

Nummer 4

 


B. DE CREMER

Volksgeneeskunde nu: een evaluatie van alternatieve geneeswijzen als volwaardige aanvulling of tegenhanger van reguliere geneeskunde

Summary : In 1996-1997 the study group “Popular Medicine” of Leuven University, developed and distributed inquiry forms in order to investigate the medical consumption, based on 100 inquiry forms related to the village of Wilsele in Flemish Brabant, the author tries to work out the relation between traditional and alternative therapies in 50 theymatic and migraine patients. On this study the author concludes that most of the patient/consulers still prefer classical medicine to alternative medicine, and that popular medicine is mostly considered to be additional as a second help. However, these non-official ways of curing obtain a more and more greater place in the medical  treatment and healing process.
In the long term, there may arise a keen competition between popular and classical medicine.

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I. PEERE

Chants populaires flamands (1879) als wetenschappelijke getuigenis van een vroeg individueel repertoire: een voorstudie
Summary : this article is the summary of a lecture given on the 29th conference of the Kommission für Volksdichtung in Aberdeen in August 1999. The author tests the existing context literature on the well-known folk song collection ‘Chants Populaires Flamands avec les airs notés et poésies populaires diverses recueillis à Bruges’ by Ad.-R. Lootens and J.M.E. Feys with  novel data and on the basis of these, she sets up some new hypotheses. The writer proves that Lootens and Feys might have been relatives and that Catherine Beyaert, Lootens ‘s mother was, most likely, the most important source of Lootens’s fielswork. Moreover, she casts a new  light on the collaboration between Lootens and Feys during the realization of the manuscript.

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P. PEETERS
Uit de archieven van K.C. Peeters – De Werkgemeenschap voor Heemkunde

Summary : The ‘Werkgemeenschap voor Heemkunde’ (‘Study Team for Local History an d Folklore’), predecessor of the present ‘Verbond voor Heemkunde’ (‘Association of Local History and Customs) worked from 6th May 1939 till 22th  March 1941, officially that is. Apart from the texts, published by the founders of the Study Team, very few articles about it have been written or published. In addition to this, data of the K.C. Peeters’s archives demonstrate that some authors misinterpreted the events that took place then.
This article aims at supplementing the data of the ‘Werkgemeenschap voor Heemkunde’ by giving additional genuine and authentic data, publications and studies and at correcting some older material.
In particular, more light is thrown on the relationship of the Study Team with Davidsfonds (Flemish Catholic Organisation, founded in 1875) and the real causes that led to the dissolution of the ‘Work Team’ are brought into the open.

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W.L. BRAEKMAN

IJspret te Antwerpen in de Winter van 1564 en van 1763

Summary : In an earlier contribution by the same author, fun on the ice and snow sculptures in Antwerp in the 17th and 18th centuries were discussed in detail. Starting from a woodcut, and especially from an anonymous market song, he now evokes fun on the ice on the river Scheldt in 1564 and 1763. The unique market song, dated 1763, is kept in the library of the “Oudheidkundige Kring van het Land van Waas” (Archeological Circle of the Land of Waas). The present article also includes an unabridged edition of the text with comments.

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Category: 2000